School burnout in adolescents : Differences in background variables and exploration of school-related stress at the end of compulsory schooling.
Type de référence
Langue de la référenceAnglais
Entité(s) de recherche
Référence APAMeylan, N., Doudin, P.-A., Curchod-Ruedi, D., & Stephan, P. (2011). School burnout in adolescents : Differences in background variables and exploration of school-related stress at the end of compulsory schooling. Ricerche53d9i Psicologia, 4, 539-563. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12162/2200
RésuméThe aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the risk factors associated with school burnout, which has recently been described as a syndrome of emotional exhaustion due to school demands, cynical and detached attitude towards school and feelings of inadequacy as a student (Salmela-Aro, Ki- uru, Pietikäinen & Jokela, 2008a). The research focuses on students in the last years of compulsory schooling, period in which burnout has not received much at- tention yet. A total of 342 adolescents (Mean age = 14.84) were asked to com- plete questionnaires about school burnout, school-related stress and background variables. The results showed differences in school burnout by gender, grade level and school track, with girls, last grade of compulsory school and high-track classes, showing the highest scores. No difference was observed with respect to grade retention. Several types of school stress were identified, with stress type Success related to pressures to succeed and concerns about the academic future being the highest. Finally, stress and burnout were strongly and positively correl- ated, and the type of stress Success was the best predictor of overall Burnout, Ex- haustion and Inadequacy dimension scores. The results are discussed in relation to their theoretical relevance and implications for the prevention of school burnout in adolescents.
Titre du périodiqueRicerche53d9i Psicologia
Volume / tome4
URL permanente ORFEEhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12162/2200
Autre(s) URL(s) permanente(s)http://doi.org/10.3280/RIP2011-004006
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