French Validation of the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale in a sample of young men.
Type de référence
Langue de la référenceAnglais
Entité(s) de recherche
Référence APARousseau, A., Denieul, M., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., & Valls, M. (2014). French Validation of the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale in a sample of young men. Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive / Journal of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy, 24, 122-129. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12162/151
RésuméConcerns about muscle development are important in the elaboration “General body appearance dissatisfaction of body image” for males: for men, the ideal body is lean and muscular. In a recent study, 85% of French men reported being dissatisfied with their muscle mass. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychometric properties (factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest stability, and convergent validity) of the French-language translation of the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale (MBDS). Method Three-hundred and nineteen young males aged 15 to 23 years (17.0±1.85) participated in this study. The participants were asked to complete three questionnaires: the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale (MBDS), the Body-Esteem Scale (BES), and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES). Test-retest reliability for the MBDS was evaluated at three weeks. Results Exploratory factor analyses revealed two factors: “Muscular body dissatisfaction” (eight items) and “General body appearance dissatisfaction” (10 items). These two factors explain 42.73% of the total variance of the MBDS. The internal reliability coefficients from the two subscales were calculated. Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 for factor 1 and 0.82 for factor 2. Test-retest (n=263) reliability was high for the total scale (r=0.81), as well as for the subscales (Muscularity body dissatisfaction: r=0.86; General body appearance dissatisfaction r=0.70). These two factors correlated with the BES and the RSES. Discussion The MBDS appears to be a useful tool in identifying and creating treatment programs for body image disorders in young men. In addition, it could be useful for evaluating treatment efficacy.
Titre du périodiqueJournal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive / Journal of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy
Maison d’éditionAssociation Française de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (AFTCC) - Elsevier Masson
Evaluation par les pairs (peer reviewing)oui
Volume / tome24
URL permanente ORFEEhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12162/151
Autre(s) URL(s) permanente(s)http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcc.2014.07.001
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